Kerala State Lottery ! Kerala State Lotteries Review !

Kerala State Lotteries Review ! Kerala State Lottery




Lottery Introduction ! what is lottery

The Word Lottery Is Derived From The German Word ‘Lot’ Which
Means Fortune Or Trial. Encyclopedia Britannica Defines Lottery As A Game Of
Hazard In Which Small Sums Are Ventured With The Chance Of Obtaining A Large
Sum  Sometimes It May Also Be In The Form
Of Articles. It Is A Contest For Prizes In

Which The Contestant Surrenders Considerations-Money Or Some
Other Stake And Which Is In Whole Or In Part Determined By Chance. Lotteries
Have Been Used Widely For Amusement, To Determine The Ownership Among Multiple
Claimants, To Dispose Of Private Property, To Raise Money For Benevolent 
Purposes And Also As A Substitute For Taxation By
Governments.

 

Kerala State Lotteries Review ! Kerala State Lottery
Kerala State Lotteries Review ! kerala state lottery result today


Historic Evolution Of Lotteries

Lotteries Have Been Evolved From Simple Efforts Such As Roman
Soldiers Casting Lots For Christ’s Government At The Crucifix Or Neros
Entertaining Their Guests By Drawing For A House Or Slave Etc. Today It Is A
Complex Form Of Business Raising Enormous Sums For Their Promoters.

Contests Were Once Decided By Coloured Stones, Beans Or
Numbered Slips. But Deviations Developed Such As The Game Of Bingo And Its Many
Related Forms. Bingo Is A Gambling Game Played With Cards  Aving Rows Ofnumbered Squares, No Two Cards
Being Numbered Alike. Players Use Markers To Cover The Numbered Squares On
Their Cards Corresponding To The Numbers Drawn By Lot, And The Player Who First
Gets A Row Covered Is The Winner.

Ancient India, China, Greece And Japan All Had Lotteries.  The Emperor Nero Had Lotteries At  Arties.

 The Great Wall Of
China Was Partly Financed By Conducting Lottery. The Holy Bible Is Replete With
References To Drawing Lots. Lot Casting Was A Favoured Means Of Communication
Between Man And God. As Early As 1420 Ad Lotteries Were Used In Europe For
Public Works. High Value Commodities Such As Land And Art Were Sold Through
Lotteries.4  The First Publicly Run
European Lottery Was Started In Florence In 1530 In Order To Raise Money For
Public Works. The First Public English Lottery Was Launched In 1566 Ad Which
Was Also A Part Of Public Works Projects. In 1753 The British Museum Was Found
By The Funds Raised From A Lottery. There Were Private Lotteries Also In
England. But They  Became Such As A
Scandal That The Parliament Outlawed Them In 1699 Ad.

In The Modern World Lotteries Have A Long History But With
Ups And  Downs. In The Modern History
Lotteries Revived With The Legislation Of The New Hampshire Lottery In 1964.
This Was A Low-Stake, Low-Excitement Lottery. Drawings Were Held Twice A Year
And The Prize Amounts Were Not Large. Lottery Was Restructured After The Irish
Sweepstakes. The Winning  Numbers Were
Tied To The Winner Of A Horse Race. However It Was Not A Skill Based Game As
The Numbers Were Randomly Selected.

In Italy Modern Lottery Was Developed In The Middle Ages And
Spread To France, Germany, Australia, America, England And India. The Practice
Of Determining The Distribution Of Property By Lot Is Traceable To Ancient
Times. In The Old Testament The Lord Instructed Mose To Take Census Of The
People Of Israel To Divide The Land Among Them By Lot. The Roman Emperors Nero
And Augustus Used Lotteries To Distribute Property And Slaves During
Saturnalian Feasts And Other Entertainments. In Rome Merchants Used To Sell
Goods By Lotteries. The First Known Lottery In Europe Was Organized By The
Dutch For Raising Money For Fortifying The Town Of Sluis. The First Public
Lottery To Have Paid Money As Prize Is Believed To Be ‘La Lotto De Frenze’ In
Florence In 1530. The Continental Congress In 1776 Voted To Establish A Lottery
To Raise Money For The American Revolution. But It Was Not Successful And
Immediately Abandoned. Lotteries Of Small Sizes Continued As A Source Of
Raising Voluntary Taxes. Several American Universities Were Built By Lotteries
And Include Harvard,  Artmouth, Yale,
Kings College, William And Mary, Union And Brown. In Italy The First National
Lottery Was Started In 1863 With Regular Weekly Drawings For Raising Funds For
The State. The Italian Lottery ‘Lotto’ Is Regarded As The Basis For The Modern
Games Of ‘Lotto’, ‘Keno’ And ‘Bingo’. The Louisiana Lottery Organized In 1869
Was Run For 25 Years Continuously In The H.S.A. In 1930 The Irish Hospital
Sweepstakes Was Established As A Highly Organized Lottery. In The Ussr
Lotteries Were 

Conducted In The Post-War Period To Finance Its Economic
Development. There Were Money Lotteries, Sports Lotteries, Arts Lotteries, Book
Lotteries Etc. Also In The Ussr. These Lotteries Based On Socialistic
Principles Tried To Have An Equitable Distribution Of Prizes. Moreover,
Investment Of Lottery Gain In

Profitable Channels Was Dissuaded In Ussr. In England Lottery
Was Established In 1680 To Raise Funds For Improving London’s Water Supply
Scheme. In Australia A Lottery Was Conducted For Constructing The Sydney Opera
House. In Spain And Ireland Too Lotteries Were Conducted For Public Programmmes
And Projects. The Government Of Singapore Constructed A Number Of Swimming
Pools And Stadiums And The Famous Junog Bird Park By Conducting Lotteries. The
Montreal Olympics Of 1976 Was Partly Financed By Lottery. Similarly The 1980
Moscow Olympics Was Also Financed To A Certain Extent By Conducting Lottery. In
1993 Lotteries Were Legalized In England By An Act By Which The National
Lottery Came Into Existence. It Was Aimed At Providing Funds For The
Development Of Sports, Arts And For The Institutions Of National Heritage. In
The Above Paragraphs We Have Reviewed The Origin And Progress Of Lotteries
World Wide. The Discussion Establishes That The Concept And Mechanics Of
Lotteries Were Known And Familiar From Ancient Days. It Is Also Revealed That
Even Though The Starting Of Lotteries Dates Back To 500 Years, In Any Of The
Countries It Had A Continuous History. In Majority Of The Cases Lotteries Were
Started On An Adhoc Basis. Otherwise The Continuous Existence Of Lotteries Was
Nullified By The State Interventions Mainly In The Form Of Enactments And Legal
Interferences. During The Course Of Enquiries By The   Scholar It Was Also Felt That The
Availability Of Old Literature Relating To Lotteries Is Very Scanty And
Discontinuous.

 

Lotteries In India

In India The First Lottery Was Established In 1771 In Madras
By Lord Mccartney To Raise Money For The Empty Treasury. A Lottery Under Government
Control Was Started In 1817. Thereafter Many Changes Took Place In The
Evolution Of Lottery. The First Prize Of The Lottery Conducted In 1832 Was Rs.1
Lakh And The Total Prize Amount Was Rs.492000. The Scheme Consisted Of 6000
Tickets In Two Classes. (The St. George Gazette Jan 4 1832) . The Prize Of The
Ticket In The First Class Was Rs.30 And Additional 
Prize Of The Ticket Bought And Not Drawn In The First Class
Was Rs.60. The Prize Of The Ticket In The Second Class Was Rs.90. The Prize
Amount And The Cost Of Ticket Are Directly Related. It Is Also 
Felt That Even About 200 Years Back High Valued Tickets Were
In Existence. Later The Madras Government Tried Many Experiments With The
Lottery System By Varying Lottery Schemes.

The Famous Moore Market In Madras Was Built Out Of Funds
Raised From Lotteries. The Victoria Public Hall, The Ripon Building And
The  Government Museum Theatre In Madras
Owed Their Existence To Lotteries Partly 
In Other Parts Of The Country The Most Popular Lottery Was The Goa
Lottery. The Portuguese Government Authorized The Holy House Of Charity (Santa
Cara Miseri Cordia) To Run A Lottery For Financing Its Welfare Works In Goa. In
1947 Portuguese Founded “Provedoria Da Assistantia Publica”Institute .

The Travancore Government, During The Rule Of H.H. Sree
Chithira Thirunal Balaramavarma Organized A Lottery For Rs.1000000 Of Which 50
Percent Was Utilized For Aid In The Second World War (Travancore Administration
Report) . The Founder Of Malayala Manorama, Kandathil Varghese Mappila Started
A Lottery In 1893 To Raise Funds To Complete The Construction Of M.D. Seminary
High School. In 1927 Poet Vallathol Narayana Menon Organized A Lottery To
Collect Funds For The Benefit Of The Kerala Kalamandalam..

Private Lotteries Were Rather Few Till Independence. Even The
Few That Existed Were Given Permission To Conduct It Only After Giving An
Undertaking That Profits Accrued Would Be Used For Public Welfare Activities.
Ranger Club Bengal, D.B. Charities Fund Calcutta, H.R. Charities Fund, K.C.
Charities Fund And Basanthi Raffles Cuttack Etc. Were The First Few Lotteries
In India.

Lottery In Kerala

The ‘Kurikalyanam’ Existed In North Kerala (Malabar Area) May
Be Viewed As The Oldest Form Of Lottery In Kerala. A ‘Kuri’ Is Conducted When
One Requires Money For A Marriage Or For The Construction Of A House. A Date
And Venue Is Fixed For The ‘Kuri’ And Is Intimated To The Local People. People
Assemble At The Prescribed Place, Enter Their Names In A Register And
Contribute Money According To Their Capacity. Tea Will Be Served To All The
Participants. The Small Contributions Of A Large Number Of People Thus Become A
Huge Sum Which Is Useful For The Purpose For Which The ‘Kuri’ Is Arranged.

Kerala State Lotteries

Kerala State Lotteries Was Started In 1967 With The
Special Interest Of The Then State Finance Minister P.K. Kunju Sahib Under E.M.
Sankaran Namboodiripad Ministry. It Was The First Of Its Kind In India – Fully
State Owned And Regulated. It Was Organized Under The Kerala State Lotteries
Department In September 1967, With The Following Objectives, As Given In The
Administrative Report Of The State Lotteries Department 1968.  To Mobilize The Much Wanted Non-Tax Revenue .
To Generate Maximum Employment Opportunities To The Weaker Sections Of The
Society. The History Of The Department For The Last 38 Years Is Full Of
Noteworthy Incidents And Growth Growth Of Kerala State Lottery The First
Director Of The Department P.K. Syed Muhammed, Who Was  Formerly The Treasury Director, Did All The
Works Connected With The Establishment Of A Separate Lottery Department
Including The Preparation Of A Project Report. The Structure And Style Of
Functioning Of The Department Was Also Framed By Him. This Has Provided A
Strong Basis For The Department.

P.K. Syed Muhammed Retired In April 1968 And Was Followed By
Mr. Appadurai Aiyer The Then Treasury Director. The Next Director Was Mr. K.
Ananthan Pillai Who Has Been In The Revenue Department As R.D.O. During His
Period District Lottery Offices Were Established In Almost All Districts And
The Working Of The Department Was Effectively Restructured. He Retired In
January 1969 To Be Followed By The Then Joint Secretary Of Finance
Department 

kerala state lottery result today

Mr. K.V. Thomas Who Also Held The Office Only For A Short
Period. Three Other Directors Were 
Appointed One After Another For Short Periods- Sri. V. Velayudhan Nair,
Sri. K.A. Abraham And Sri. K.P. Thevan. 
In November 1973 Sri. V.K. Chandrasekharan, Who Was The Deputy Secretary
In The Panchayat Department, Took Charge As Director Of Kerala State Lotteries.
He Served For More Than 7 Years. It Was During His Period That The System Of
Counterfoils Was Started So That The Genuineness Of The Tickets Could Be
Verified By Comparing With The Counterfoils Before Giving Prizes. Mr. Chandra
Sekharan Proceeded On Leave From April 1980 And Sri. K.S. Krishna Pillai Became
The Director. He Was The First Person To Be A Director From The Lotteries
Department. He Was Followed By Sir K. Madhavan Pillai Who Had Experience From
Clerical Cadre In The Department. He Continued Up To May 1986. Mr. C.V. Thomas
Who Was The Joint Director Then Became Director. During His Time A Bi-Weekly
Lottery Was Also Started Which Contributed To Revenue In A Significant Way. The
Next Tenure Was That Of Sri. K.P. Muhammad. During His Time The Department Made
Magnificent Growth With Three Weekly Draws. Some Other Major Developments Were
Also Made During His Period Such As Branding Of Different Lotteries As Kairali,
Periyar Maveli Etc, Starting Bumper Draws In All Months And The Starting Of
Regional Deputy Director Office At Ernakulam Etc. Also The Idea Of Welfare Fund
For Lottery Agents Was Put Into Practice During His Period.  In 1993 September Sri. G. Krishnan Nair Took
Charge As Director.  During His Time The
Price Of Maveli Tickets Was Fixed At Rs.2 And The First Prize Was Increased To
Rs.3 Lakhs. He Also Started A New Draw Named 
Sowbhagya. Mr. Gopinathan Achary, Who Became Director In April 1995
Continued For One Year And During His Period The Prize Schedule Of Sowbhagya Was
Modified And Festival Bumpers Were Started. In May 1996 Sri. A. Sasidharan Nair
Became The Director. During His Period The Prize Structure Of Sowbhagya Lottery
Was Rescheduled, Lottery Was Made A Profitable Department And The Draw Time Of
Maveli, Periyar And Sowbhagya

Was Fixed At 2.30 P.M.. The Grand Onam Bumper Of 1997 Offered
A First Prize Of Rs.75 Lakhs And That Bumper Draw Made A Profit Of Rs.1.9
Crores Which Was An All Time Record.



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